Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars"

Gernot Groemer, Verena Gruber, Sheryl Bishop, Doris Peham, Luzian Wolf, Birgit Hoegl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

AustroMars was the simulation of a crewed expedition on the surface of planet Mars, taking place in April 2006 at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah. Six carefully selected "analogue astronauts" (out of 184 candidates) performed 20 experiments in the fields of robotics, analogue planetary and life sciences as well as human exploration. During the 2-week mission, the MDRS served as base for their research activities and exploratory excursions. Modelled after selection and training principles of astronauts and pilots, although in a nutshell, the crew underwent a training including education in science and engineering skills as well as physical and mental training. A dense flight plan, physically challenging experiments (including extravehicular activities) and a complimentary set of human factors research experiments offered a unique opportunity to study the impact of a high workload on crew vigilance. The data presented here focus on the validated pupillographic sleepiness test, salivary assay data (such as DHEA, Cortisol, P17-OH, Fasting Insulin and MB2S), a complimentary set of reaction and cognitive function tests as well as a novel technique using eye movements as indicator for vigilance, the Fatigue Monitoring System FAMOS. The data of the 6-person simulated flight crew were complemented by pre/post-flight measurements as well as by 3 test subjects (back-up crew).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
Pages1-10
Number of pages10
Volume1
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 29 2008Oct 3 2008

Other

Other59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/29/0810/3/08

Fingerprint

human performance
expeditions
mars
crews
Mars
education
astronauts
vigilance
deserts
flight
flight plans
desert
stations
fasting
Mars (planet)
flight crews
Cortisol
eye movements
analogs
extravehicular activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Groemer, G., Gruber, V., Bishop, S., Peham, D., Wolf, L., & Hoegl, B. (2008). Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars". In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 (Vol. 1, pp. 1-10)

Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars". / Groemer, Gernot; Gruber, Verena; Bishop, Sheryl; Peham, Doris; Wolf, Luzian; Hoegl, Birgit.

International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. p. 1-10.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Groemer, G, Gruber, V, Bishop, S, Peham, D, Wolf, L & Hoegl, B 2008, Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars". in International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. vol. 1, pp. 1-10, 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 9/29/08.
Groemer G, Gruber V, Bishop S, Peham D, Wolf L, Hoegl B. Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars". In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1. 2008. p. 1-10
Groemer, Gernot ; Gruber, Verena ; Bishop, Sheryl ; Peham, Doris ; Wolf, Luzian ; Hoegl, Birgit. / Human performance data in a high workload environment during the simulated Mars expedition "AustroMars". International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. pp. 1-10
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