Oils enriched in certain polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress joint pain and swelling in rheumatoid arthritis patients with active synovitis. Because T lymphocyte activation is important for propagation of joint tissue injury in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, we examined the effects of fatty acids added in vitro on proliferation of human T lymphocytes stimulated with monoclonal antibodies to CD3 and CD4. Unsaturated fatty acids reduced T cell proliferation in a dose dependent manner (dihomogammalinolenic acid>gammalinolenic acid>eicosapentaenoic acid>arachidonic acid). Removal of fatty acids from cultures before cell stimulation did not change the effects, but addition of fatty acids after cell stimulation failed to reduce T cell responses. The saturated palmitic acid did not influence T cell growth. These studies indicate that small changes in cellular fatty acids can have profound effects on early events in T cell signaling and on T cell function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology