Human-rodent contact and infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis and Seoul viruses in an inner-city population

J. E. Childs, G. E. Glass, T. G. Ksiazek, C. A. Rossi, J. G.B. Oro, J. W. Leduc

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Abstract

We collected 1180 sera and 1363 questionnaires with information on demography, rodent exposure, and history of travel from persons visiting a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Baltimore between 1986-1988. Serological tests for two rodent-borne viruses detected antibodies to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) in 54 individuals (4.70%; n=1149) and antibodies to Seoul virus (SEOV) in three persons (0.25%; n=1180). Antibody prevalence to LCMV increased with age, but there were no racial or sexual differences. Neutralization tests and questionnaire responses implicated a domestic, rat-borne hantavirus as the source of SEOV antibody. Self-reported human-rodent contact indicated more exposure to house mice than rats within residences, although rats were more commonly sighted on streets. Infections with rodent-borne viruses were rare compared to the high rates of reported contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-121
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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