Humoral immune response to Rocky Mountain spotted fever in experimentally infected guinea pigs: Immunoprecipitation of lactoperoxidase 125I-labeled proteins and detection of soluble antigens of Rickettsia rickettsii

J. C. Williams, D. H. Walker, M. G. Peacock, S. T. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, purified from infected L-929 cells by density gradient banding were extrinsically radioiodinated with lactoperoxidase. Immunodominant 125I-labeled antigens were identified by radioimmunoprecipitation of detergent-solubilized antigens with protein A-Sepharose and anti-R. rickettsii sera collected 0, 3, 7, 11, 32, and 163 days after infection of guinea pigs. The average fever ≥40°C was detected by days 3 and 4 after infection with 6 x 107 and 6 x 106 PFU, respectively. By microagglutination and complement fixation assays, anti-R, rickettsii antibodies were detected as early as day 3 after infection, with titers increasing markedly between days 7 and 163. Convalescent sera, collected on day 163, from infected guinea pigs were used to identify seven 125I-labeled antigens with apparent molecular sizes of 186,000 (I), 145,000 (II), 49,000 (III), 32,000 (IV), 27,500 (V), 17,500 (VI), and 16,500 (VII) daltons. Differences in antibody reactivity and specificity against the seven antigens were demonstrated with serially obtained sera. Sera from a guinea pig infected with 6 x 107 PFU exhibited antibody-antigen interactions with all seven 125I-labeled antigens by day 7, whereas the same antibody activity required 32 days for an animal infected with 6 x 106 PFU. Prominent antibody activities toward proteins II and IV were demonstrated both early and late after infection. The fluids obtained from infected L-929 cells contained three soluble antigens which were detected with the 11-, 32-, and 163-day sera by an immunodiffusion assay. The soluble and 125I labeled antigens of R. rickettsii identified in this study may be important candidates for vaccines against Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume52
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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