Hypercoagulation and Hypermetabolism of Fibrinogen in Severely Burned Adults

Wenjun Z. Martini, John B. Holcomb, Yong Ming Yu, Steven E. Wolf, Leopoldo C. Cancio, Anthony E. Pusateri, Michael A. Dubick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated changes in plasma fibrinogen metabolism and changes in coagulation in severely burned adults. Ten patients (27 ± 3 years; 91 ± 6 kg) with 51 ± 3% TBSA were consented and enrolled into an institutional review board-approved prospective study. On the study day, stable isotope infusion of 1-13C-phenylalanine and d5-phenylalanine was performed to quantify fibrinogen production and consumption. During the infusion, vital signs were recorded and blood samples were drawn every hour. Coagulation was measured by thromboelastograph (TEG). Ten normal healthy volunteers (37 ± 7 years; 74 ± 4 kg) were included as the control group. Burned adults had elevated heart rates (120 ± 2 vs 73 ± 5 [control] beats/minute), respiration rates (23 ± 2 vs 15 ± 1 breaths/minute), plasma glucose (127 ± 10 vs 89 ± 2 mg/dl), and fibrinogen levels (613 ± 35 vs 239 ± 17 mg/dl); and decreased albumin (1.3 ± 0.2 vs 3.7 ± 0.1 g/dl) and total protein (4.4 ± 0.2 vs 6.8 ± 0.1 g/dl, all P < .05). Fibrinogen breakdown was elevated in the burn group (2.3 ± 0.4 vs. 1.0 ± 0.3 µmol/kg/minute); and fibrinogen synthesis was further enhanced in the burn group (4.4 ± 0.7 vs 0.7 ± 0.2 µmol/kg/minute, both P < .05). Clotting speed (TEG-alpha) and clot strength (TEG-MA) were increased in the burn group (62 ± 4 vs 50 ± 4°, and 76 ± 2 vs 56 ± 2 mm, respectively, both P < .05). Fibrinolysis of TEG-LY60 was accelerated in the burn group (16 ± 6 vs 3 ± 1) and so was the increase in D-dimer level in the burn group (4.5 ± 0.4 vs 1.9 ± 0.3 mg/l, both P < .05). The hypercoagulable state postburn is in part a result of increased fibrinogen synthesis, over and above increased fibrinogen breakdown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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