Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and control in Arab countries: A systematic review

Ayman Tailakh, Lorraine Evangelista, Janet C. Mentes, Nancy A. Pike, Linda R. Phillips, Donald E. Morisky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL databases were searched for publications on HTN among Arab people from 1980 to January 2011. Only 13 studies were identified in the literature from 10 Arab countries. The overall estimated prevalence of hypertension was 29.5% (n=45379), which indicates a higher prevalence of hypertension among Arabs compared to people from the USA (28%) and sub-Saharan African (27.6%). Awareness of hypertension was reported for 46% of the studies and varied from 18% (Jordan) to 79.8% (Syria). The control rate varied from 56% (Tunisia) to 92% (Egypt and Syria). The prevalence of hypertension was found to increase with age, occurring more frequently in Arab women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-130
Number of pages5
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Middle East
Hypertension
Syria
Arab World
Tunisia
Jordan
Egypt
PubMed
Libraries
Publications
Databases
Population

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Arab
  • Hypertension
  • Lifestyle modification
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and control in Arab countries : A systematic review. / Tailakh, Ayman; Evangelista, Lorraine; Mentes, Janet C.; Pike, Nancy A.; Phillips, Linda R.; Morisky, Donald E.

In: Nursing and Health Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.03.2014, p. 126-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tailakh, Ayman ; Evangelista, Lorraine ; Mentes, Janet C. ; Pike, Nancy A. ; Phillips, Linda R. ; Morisky, Donald E. / Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and control in Arab countries : A systematic review. In: Nursing and Health Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 126-130.
@article{c1936b3ecee94bdf9e2b4ec647d3ebdb,
title = "Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and control in Arab countries: A systematic review",
abstract = "One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL databases were searched for publications on HTN among Arab people from 1980 to January 2011. Only 13 studies were identified in the literature from 10 Arab countries. The overall estimated prevalence of hypertension was 29.5{\%} (n=45379), which indicates a higher prevalence of hypertension among Arabs compared to people from the USA (28{\%}) and sub-Saharan African (27.6{\%}). Awareness of hypertension was reported for 46{\%} of the studies and varied from 18{\%} (Jordan) to 79.8{\%} (Syria). The control rate varied from 56{\%} (Tunisia) to 92{\%} (Egypt and Syria). The prevalence of hypertension was found to increase with age, occurring more frequently in Arab women.",
keywords = "Adherence, Arab, Hypertension, Lifestyle modification, Systematic review",
author = "Ayman Tailakh and Lorraine Evangelista and Mentes, {Janet C.} and Pike, {Nancy A.} and Phillips, {Linda R.} and Morisky, {Donald E.}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/nhs.12060",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "126--130",
journal = "Nursing and Health Sciences",
issn = "1441-0745",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and control in Arab countries

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Tailakh, Ayman

AU - Evangelista, Lorraine

AU - Mentes, Janet C.

AU - Pike, Nancy A.

AU - Phillips, Linda R.

AU - Morisky, Donald E.

PY - 2014/3/1

Y1 - 2014/3/1

N2 - One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL databases were searched for publications on HTN among Arab people from 1980 to January 2011. Only 13 studies were identified in the literature from 10 Arab countries. The overall estimated prevalence of hypertension was 29.5% (n=45379), which indicates a higher prevalence of hypertension among Arabs compared to people from the USA (28%) and sub-Saharan African (27.6%). Awareness of hypertension was reported for 46% of the studies and varied from 18% (Jordan) to 79.8% (Syria). The control rate varied from 56% (Tunisia) to 92% (Egypt and Syria). The prevalence of hypertension was found to increase with age, occurring more frequently in Arab women.

AB - One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL databases were searched for publications on HTN among Arab people from 1980 to January 2011. Only 13 studies were identified in the literature from 10 Arab countries. The overall estimated prevalence of hypertension was 29.5% (n=45379), which indicates a higher prevalence of hypertension among Arabs compared to people from the USA (28%) and sub-Saharan African (27.6%). Awareness of hypertension was reported for 46% of the studies and varied from 18% (Jordan) to 79.8% (Syria). The control rate varied from 56% (Tunisia) to 92% (Egypt and Syria). The prevalence of hypertension was found to increase with age, occurring more frequently in Arab women.

KW - Adherence

KW - Arab

KW - Hypertension

KW - Lifestyle modification

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897647864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897647864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/nhs.12060

DO - 10.1111/nhs.12060

M3 - Article

C2 - 24118852

AN - SCOPUS:84897647864

VL - 16

SP - 126

EP - 130

JO - Nursing and Health Sciences

JF - Nursing and Health Sciences

SN - 1441-0745

IS - 1

ER -