The development and maintenance of DNA hypomethylation were investigated in male Syrian hamsters during the course of induction of renal carcinoma by estrogens and in an estrogen-dependent tumor derived from H-301 cells. The H-301 cell line was obtained from a primary renal carcinoma induced by E-diethylstilbestrol treatment. Covalent DNA modifications in estrogen-exposed kidney and tumor tissues were also examined. The five tumors investigated were induced by s.c. estrogen treatment of animals for 7-9 months. Covalent DNA adducts were detected in kidneys after 5-7 months of exposure to various estrogens, but not in primary tumors induced by estrogen treatment for 7-9 months. Estrogen-induced covalent DNA modifications likewise were not detectable in tumors grown in estrogenized hamsters inoculated with H-301 cells. In contrast, DNA was hypomethylated in primary tumors induced by E-diethylstilbestrol, estradiol or 11β-ethyl-l7α-ethinyl estradiol, but not in untreated and estrogen-exposed kidney. Compared with kidney tissue, there was an 11-24% decrease in total genomic DNA methylation in the estrogen-induced and -dependent tumors. DNA hypomethylation was maintained in tumors derived from H-301 cells. Discontinuation of estrogen treatment rapidly decreased the size of estrogen-dependent H-301 tumors, but did not affect the degree of DNA hypomethylation. Thus, DNA hypomethylation occurred in hormone-dependent primary neoplasms and was maintained after serial transplantations independent of the growth status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research