ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Filoviridae 2024

Nadine Biedenkopf, Alexander Bukreyev, Kartik Chandran, Nicholas Di Paola, Pierre B.H. Formenty, Anthony Griffiths, Adam J. Hume, Elke Mühlberger, Sergey V. Netesov, Gustavo Palacios, Janusz T. Pawęska, Sophie Smither, Ayato Takada, Victoria Wahl, Jens H. Kuhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Filoviridae is a family of negative-sense RNA viruses with genomes of about 13.1–20.9 kb that infect fish, mammals and reptiles. The filovirid genome is a linear, non-segmented RNA with five canonical open reading frames (ORFs) that encode a nucleoprotein (NP), a polymerase cofactor (VP35), a glycoprotein (GP1,2), a transcriptional activator (VP30) and a large protein (L) containing an RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRP) domain. All filovirid genomes encode additional proteins that vary among genera. Several filovirids (e.g., Ebola virus, Marburg virus) are pathogenic for humans and highly virulent. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Filoviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/filoviridae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Ebola
  • Filoviridae
  • ICTV Report
  • Marburg virus
  • filovirid
  • filovirus
  • orthoebolavirus
  • orthomarburgvirus
  • taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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