Identification of acetylation and methylation sites of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes by high-accuracy matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-postsource decay, and nanoelectrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry

Kangling Zhang, Hui Tang, Lan Huang, James W. Blankenship, Patrick R. Jones, Fan Xiang, Peter M. Yau, Alma L. Burlingame

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new strategy has been employed for the identification of the covalent modification sites (mainly acetylation and methylation) of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes using low enzyme/substrate ratios and short digestion times (trypsin used as the protease) with analysis by HPLC separation, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-post-source decay, and tandem mass spectrometric techniques. High-accuracy MALDI-TOF mass measurements with representative immonium ions (126 for acetylated lysine, 98 for monomethylated lysine, and 84 for di-, tri-, and unmethylated lysine) have been effectively used for differentiating methylated peptides from acetylated peptides. Our results demonstrate that lysines 4, 9, 14, 27, and 36 of the N-terminal of H3 are methylated, while lysines 14, 18, and 23 are acetylated. Surprisingly, a non-N-terminal residue, lysine 79, in the loop region hooking up to the bound DNA, was newly found to be methylated (un-, mono-, and dimethylated isoforms coexist). The reported mass spectrometric method has the advantages of speed, directness, sensitivity, and ease over protein sequencing and Western-blotting methods and holds the promise of an improved method for determining the status of histone modifications in the field of chromosome research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-269
Number of pages11
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume306
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Acetylation
Methylation
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Histones
Lysine
Ionization
Mass spectrometry
Chickens
Desorption
Lasers
Erythrocytes
Histone Code
Peptides
Protein Sequence Analysis
Chromosomes
Trypsin
Digestion
Protein Isoforms
Peptide Hydrolases
Western Blotting

Keywords

  • Histone acetylation
  • Histone methylation
  • MALDI-PSD
  • MALDI-TOF
  • Nano-ESI tandem mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Identification of acetylation and methylation sites of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes by high-accuracy matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-postsource decay, and nanoelectrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry",
abstract = "A new strategy has been employed for the identification of the covalent modification sites (mainly acetylation and methylation) of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes using low enzyme/substrate ratios and short digestion times (trypsin used as the protease) with analysis by HPLC separation, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-post-source decay, and tandem mass spectrometric techniques. High-accuracy MALDI-TOF mass measurements with representative immonium ions (126 for acetylated lysine, 98 for monomethylated lysine, and 84 for di-, tri-, and unmethylated lysine) have been effectively used for differentiating methylated peptides from acetylated peptides. Our results demonstrate that lysines 4, 9, 14, 27, and 36 of the N-terminal of H3 are methylated, while lysines 14, 18, and 23 are acetylated. Surprisingly, a non-N-terminal residue, lysine 79, in the loop region hooking up to the bound DNA, was newly found to be methylated (un-, mono-, and dimethylated isoforms coexist). The reported mass spectrometric method has the advantages of speed, directness, sensitivity, and ease over protein sequencing and Western-blotting methods and holds the promise of an improved method for determining the status of histone modifications in the field of chromosome research.",
keywords = "Histone acetylation, Histone methylation, MALDI-PSD, MALDI-TOF, Nano-ESI tandem mass",
author = "Kangling Zhang and Hui Tang and Lan Huang and Blankenship, {James W.} and Jones, {Patrick R.} and Fan Xiang and Yau, {Peter M.} and Burlingame, {Alma L.}",
year = "2002",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of acetylation and methylation sites of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes by high-accuracy matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-postsource decay, and nanoelectrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry

AU - Zhang, Kangling

AU - Tang, Hui

AU - Huang, Lan

AU - Blankenship, James W.

AU - Jones, Patrick R.

AU - Xiang, Fan

AU - Yau, Peter M.

AU - Burlingame, Alma L.

PY - 2002/7/15

Y1 - 2002/7/15

N2 - A new strategy has been employed for the identification of the covalent modification sites (mainly acetylation and methylation) of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes using low enzyme/substrate ratios and short digestion times (trypsin used as the protease) with analysis by HPLC separation, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-post-source decay, and tandem mass spectrometric techniques. High-accuracy MALDI-TOF mass measurements with representative immonium ions (126 for acetylated lysine, 98 for monomethylated lysine, and 84 for di-, tri-, and unmethylated lysine) have been effectively used for differentiating methylated peptides from acetylated peptides. Our results demonstrate that lysines 4, 9, 14, 27, and 36 of the N-terminal of H3 are methylated, while lysines 14, 18, and 23 are acetylated. Surprisingly, a non-N-terminal residue, lysine 79, in the loop region hooking up to the bound DNA, was newly found to be methylated (un-, mono-, and dimethylated isoforms coexist). The reported mass spectrometric method has the advantages of speed, directness, sensitivity, and ease over protein sequencing and Western-blotting methods and holds the promise of an improved method for determining the status of histone modifications in the field of chromosome research.

AB - A new strategy has been employed for the identification of the covalent modification sites (mainly acetylation and methylation) of histone H3 from chicken erythrocytes using low enzyme/substrate ratios and short digestion times (trypsin used as the protease) with analysis by HPLC separation, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-post-source decay, and tandem mass spectrometric techniques. High-accuracy MALDI-TOF mass measurements with representative immonium ions (126 for acetylated lysine, 98 for monomethylated lysine, and 84 for di-, tri-, and unmethylated lysine) have been effectively used for differentiating methylated peptides from acetylated peptides. Our results demonstrate that lysines 4, 9, 14, 27, and 36 of the N-terminal of H3 are methylated, while lysines 14, 18, and 23 are acetylated. Surprisingly, a non-N-terminal residue, lysine 79, in the loop region hooking up to the bound DNA, was newly found to be methylated (un-, mono-, and dimethylated isoforms coexist). The reported mass spectrometric method has the advantages of speed, directness, sensitivity, and ease over protein sequencing and Western-blotting methods and holds the promise of an improved method for determining the status of histone modifications in the field of chromosome research.

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KW - Histone methylation

KW - MALDI-PSD

KW - MALDI-TOF

KW - Nano-ESI tandem mass

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