Proper hepatocyte function is vital for survival;thus, unrepaired destruction of the parenchymal tissue leading to liver decompensation is devastating. Therefore, understanding the homeostatic process regulating liver regeneration is clinically important, and evidence that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) can promote cell survival after intrinsic apoptotic stimuli is integral to the regenerative process. The current study uses primary hepatocytes to identify survival mechanisms consistent with normal AhR biology. Taking advantage of the Cre-lox system to manipulate AhR status, we designed a comprehensive microarray analysis to identify immediate and direct changes in the transcriptome concomitant with the loss of the AhR. As a result, we identified a unique data set with minimal overlap, compared with previous array studies, culminating in the identification of Stanniocalcin 2 (Stc2) as a novel receptor target gene previously reported to have a cytoprotective role in endoplasmic reticulum stress. The Stc2 promoter contains multiple putative xenobiotic response elements clustered in a 250-bp region that was shown to recruit the AhR by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Of interest, Stc2 gene expression is refractory to classic exogenous AhR agonists, but responds to cellular stress in an AhR-dependent mechanism consistent with a process promoting cell survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Mar 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine