Identifying the Confounders of Marginalization and Mortality in Mexico, 2003–2007

Carlos Díaz-Venegas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Confounders alter any predicted outcome by modifying the relationship between cause and consequence. Confounders can appear in different proportions inside a population and their effect might not be the same for different geographic regions. This paper focuses on establishing the impact of the marginalization index and confounders like migration and percentage of indigenous population on a municipality’s mortality rate. Data come from the 2003–2007 Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía death records and the 2005 Marginalization Index from the Consejo Nacional de Población. WLS regressions of age-adjusted mortality rates on the index as a whole and on seven of its nine components are calculated to measure the impact of these confounders. Overall, results were mixed for municipalities with a higher level of marginalization. Percentage of indigenous population is the most consistent confounder throughout the analysis. The results show the difficulty of quantifying confounders accurately but open the door for further refinement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-875
Number of pages25
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014


  • Confounders
  • Latin America
  • Marginalization
  • Mexico
  • Mortality rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


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