The causative agents of Ockelbo disease in Sweden, Pogosta disease in Finland, and Karelian fever in the USSR have been attributed to alphaviruses (family Togaviridae) related to Sindbis virus. We compared prototypes Sindbis, Ockelbo, and Karelian fever viruses by neutralization tests. We also analyzed oligonucleotide fingerprint maps of prototypes Ockelbo and Karelian fever viruses and a strain of Sindbis virus from Czechoslovakia. The results indicate that Ockelbo and Karelian fever viruses are essentially identical and suggest that Ockelbo disease, Pogosta disease, and Karelian fever are synonyms for the same disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases