IGF-1 mediated phosphorylation of specific IRS-1 serines in Ames dwarf fibroblasts is associated with longevity

John Papaconstantinou, Ching Chyuan Hsieh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Insulin/IGF-1 signaling involves phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of serine/ threonine or tyrosine residues of the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins and is associated with hormonal control of longevity determination of certain long-lived mice. The stimulation of serine phosphorylations by IGF-1 suggests there is insulin/ IGF-1 crosstalk that involves the phosphorylation of the same serine residues. By this mechanism, insulin and IGF-1 mediated phosphorylation of specific IRS-1 serines could play a role in longevity determination. We used fibroblasts from WT and Ames dwarf mice to examine whether: (a) IGF-1 stimulates phosphorylation of IRS-1 serines targeted by insulin; (b) the levels of serine phosphorylation differ in WT vs. Ames fibroblasts; and (c) aging affects the levels of these serine phosphorylations which are altered in the Ames dwarf mutant. We have shown that IRS-1 is a substrate for IGF-1 induced phosphorylation of Ser307, Ser612, Ser636/639, and Ser1101; that the levels of phosphorylation of these serines are significantly lower in Ames vs. WT cells; that IGF-1 mediated phosphorylation of these serines increases with age in WT cells. We propose that insulin/IGF-1 cross talk and level of phosphorylation of specific IRS-1 serines may promote the Ames dwarf longevity phenotype.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)35315-35323
    Number of pages9
    JournalOncotarget
    Volume6
    Issue number34
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Ames dwarf mouse
    • Dermal fibroblasts
    • Gerotarget
    • IGF-1
    • IRS-1 serine phosphorylation
    • Longevity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology

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