Impact of age on cerebral aneurysm occlusion after flow diversion

Anna Luisa Kühn, Peter Kan, Nils Henninger, Visish Srinivasan, Katyucia de Macedo Rodrigues, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Matthew J. Gounis, Ajit S. Puri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of the pipeline embolization device (PED) in different patient age groups with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). All patients with UIA treated with the PED between 2011 and 2017 were included. Based on their age, patients were trichotomized to: young (≤45 years), middle-aged (46 to <65 years) and older (≥65 years) groups. Patient's vascular risk factors, presenting symptoms and mRS on admission were collected. Follow-up imaging was evaluated for presence/absence of aneurysm occlusion. Clinical outcome at discharge, 3–9 months and 12–18 months was also documented when available. A total of 260 patients harboring 307 aneurysms (young = 57, middle-age = 144 and older age group = 64). Most aneurysms were located in the anterior circulation (94.8%). Overall morbidity and mortality was 2.3% each (6/260). At 3–9 months near complete to complete aneurysm occlusion was 82.5% (47/57) in the young age group, 82.6% (100/121) in the middle age, and 70.2% (40/57) in the older age group. At 12–18-month, near complete to complete occlusion was 100% in the young age group (32/32), 91.4% (64/70) in the middle age, and 78.4% (29/37) in the older age group. After adjustment for potential confounders, older age patients less frequently achieved near complete to complete occlusion by 3 years than younger subjects (p = 0.009, HR 1.34 95%, CI 1.08–1.66). Our results indicate feasibility and safety of PED across different age groups. Further study is required to determine age-related factors relating to aneurysm occlusion after PED to improve outcome and patient counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Age
  • Flow diverter
  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Occlusion
  • Pipeline embolization device
  • Stent
  • Unruptured

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Kühn, A. L., Kan, P., Henninger, N., Srinivasan, V., de Macedo Rodrigues, K., Wakhloo, A. K., Gounis, M. J., & Puri, A. S. (2019). Impact of age on cerebral aneurysm occlusion after flow diversion. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 65, 23-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.04.024