Impact of class A, B and C CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides on in vitro activation of innate immune cells in human immunodeficiency virus-1 infected individuals

Jeffrey A. Martinson, Allan R. Tenorio, Carlos J. Montoya, Lena Al-Harthi, Carolyne N. Gichinga, Arthur M. Krieg, Linda L. Baum, Alan L. Landay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) with unmethylated deoxycytidyl-deoxyguanosine dinucleotides (CpG-ODNs) stimulate Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) and B cells and activate innate and adaptive immunity. Three classes of synthetic CpG-ODNs, class A, B and C, activate cells through TLR9; our goal was to evaluate their effect on cells from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1+ individuals. We compared the frequencies and the unstimulated activation status of immune effector cells in HIV-1+ and HIV-1- individuals. Fewer pDC, myeloid dendritic cells (mDC), B cells, natural killer (NK) cells and invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT) were present in HIV-1+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and their baseline activation status was higher than HIV-1- PBMC. Exposure of HIV-1+ PBMC to all classes of CpG-ODNs led to activation and maturation of pDC based on CD86, CD80, and CD83 expression similar to that of cells from HIV-1- individuals. The percentage of CpG-ODN stimulated pDC that express CD40 was dramatically higher when cells were obtained from HIV-1+ than from HIV-1- individuals. B-lymphocytes were activated similarly in HIV-1+ and HIV-1 - individuals. mDC, NK and iNKT cell, which lack TLR9, were indirectly activated. Interferon-α (IFN-α) and interferon inducible protein 10 (IP-10) secretion was induced by class A or C but not class B CpG-ODN, but the concentrations were less than those produced by HIV-1 - PBMC. HIV-1 infected individuals have fewer innate effector cells that are chronically activated, but these cells can be further activated by CpG-ODN, which suggests that synthetic CpG-ODNs could be used to enhance the immune system in HIV-1 infected individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-535
Number of pages10
JournalImmunology
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Dendritic cells
  • HIV
  • Innate immunity
  • pDc
  • TLR9
  • Toll-like receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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