Impaired reactive stepping adjustments in older adults

Shih Chiao Tseng, Steven J. Stanhope, Susanne M. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The ability to redirect the path of the foot during walking is critical for responding to perturbations and maintaining upright stability. The purpose of the current study was to compare mechanisms of reactive stepping adjustments in young versus older adults when responding to an unexpected perturbation during voluntary step initiation. Methods. We tested 13 healthy community-dwelling older adults and an equal number of young control participants performing stepping movements onto a visual target on the fl oor. In some trials, perturbations were introduced by unexpectedly shifting the target, at various time points, from its usual location to a new location 20 cm to the right. We measured ground reaction forces under the supporting leg and three-dimensional kinematics of the stepping leg in baseline and target shift trials. Results. During target shift trials, that is, when reactive adjustments were required, older adults demonstrated the following: delayed responses in modifying the lateral propulsive forces under the supporting foot, reduced rates of lateral force production, delayed responses in modifying the stepping foot trajectory, and prolonged movement execution times. Conclusions. The current study quantitatively distinguishes between healthy older and young adults in generating reactive stepping adjustments to an unpredictable shift of a visual target. The decreased capability for rapidly planning and executing an effective voluntary step modifi cation could reveal one potential cause for the increased risk of falls in the older population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-815
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Biomechanics
  • Falls
  • Gait
  • Postural control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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