Implanted medical devices in the radiation environment of commercial spaceflight

David P. Reyes, Steven S. McClure, Jeffery C. Chancellor, Rebecca S. Blue, Tarah L. Castleberry, James M. Vanderploeg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: Some commercial spaceflight participants (SFPs) may have medical conditions that require implanted medical devices (IMDs), such as cardiac pacemakers, defibrillators, insulin pumps, or similar electronic devices. The effect of space radiation on the function of IMDs is unknown. This review will identify known effects of terrestrial and aviation electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radiation on IMDs in order to provide insight into the potential effects of radiation exposures in the space environment. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted on available literature on human studies involving the effects of EMI as well as diagnostic and therapeutic radiation on IMDs. Results: The literature review identified potential transient effects from EMI and diagnostic radiation levels as low as 10 mGy on IMDs. High-energy, therapeutic, ionizing radiation can cause more permanent device malfunctions at doses as low as 40 mGy. Radiation doses from suborbital flight altitudes and durations are anticipated to be less than those experienced during an average round-trip, cross-country airline flight and are unlikely to result in significant detriment, though longer, orbital flights may expose SFPs to doses potentially harmful to IMD function. Discussion: Individuals with IMDs should experience few, if any, radiation-related device malfunctions during suborbital flight, but could have problems with radiation exposures associated with longer, orbital flights.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1113
Number of pages8
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Commercial spaceflight participant
  • Defibrillator
  • Electromagnetic interference
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Neurostimulator
  • Pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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