Improvement of gastric motility with gastric electrical stimulation in STZ-induced diabetic rats

Jinsong Liu, Xian Qiao, Maria Micci, Pankaj J. Pasricha, J. D Z Chen

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The aims of this study were to observe whether gastric motility was impaired in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and whether gastric electrical stimulation was able to restore the impaired motility. Methods: Ten control rats and 30 STZ-induced diabetic rats were used in this study. Gastric slow waves were recorded at baseline and 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the injection of STZ or vehicle. Gastric emptying with (long or short pulses) or without gastric electrical stimulation was measured 6 weeks after STZ injection in a group of 10 diabetic rats each. Results: (1) STZ injection resulted in hyperglycemia and weight loss. (2) Gastric motility was impaired in the diabetic rats. The percentage of normal slow waves was progressively reduced 2 weeks after STZ injection. Compared with the control rats, gastric emptying in the diabetic rats was significantly delayed 6 weeks after STZ injection (60 ± 3 vs. 79 ± 2%, p < 0.02). (3) Gastric electrical stimulation with either long or short pulses accelerated gastric emptying in the diabetic rats. (4) Gastric electrical stimulation with long but not short pulses was capable of normalizing gastric dysrhythmia in the diabetic rats. Conclusion: Our data show that gastric motility is impaired in STZ-induced diabetic rats as reflected by a progressive reduction in the percentage of normal gastric slow waves and delayed gastric emptying. Moreover, here we show that gastric electrical stimulation normalizes delayed gastric emptying in diabetic rats and this normalization is not attributed to the effect of gastric electrical stimulation on gastric slow waves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalDigestion
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

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Keywords

  • Diabetic rats
  • Gastric electrical stimulation
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastric slow waves
  • Gastrointestinal motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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