The continued need to minimize blood product usage both during and after cardiac surgical procedures has been challenged by a changing patient population, and most recently by the withdrawal of the antifibrinolytic aprotinin (Trasylol, Bayer Pharmaceuticals, West Haven, CT, USA) from the market. To meet these challenges, a variety of topical hemostatic tools have continued to emerge in the surgical armamentarium. These include hemostatic agents, adhesives, and sealants designed to control perioperative bleeding and decrease blood product utilization. Optimal application of novel topical adjuncts can be limited due to the lack of clarity on how to differentiate between these adjunctive hemostatic products and their appropriate uses. This paper will review the classes of these products, how and where such products can be used during cardiovascular surgery for achieving hemostasis, and the potential for improved outcomes through the appropriate selection and use of these agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine