In-hospital outcomes of chronic total occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (CTO PCI) in heart failure patients has not been evaluated on a national base and was the focus of this investigation. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2008 to 2014 to identify adults with single vessel CTO PCI for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). Patients were divided into 3 groups: patients without heart failure, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were studied using relevant statistics. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to assess in-hospital mortality, acute renal failure, and the use of mechanical support devices. Of 112,061 inpatients with SIHD from 2008 to 2014 undergoing CTO PCI, 21,185 (19%) had HFrEF and 3309 (3%) had HFpEF. Compared to patients without heart failure, HFrEF and HFpEF patients were older (mean age 69.2 vs 66.3, 70.3 vs 66.3 respectively, P < 0.001), had more comorbidities and higher acute in-hospital complications. HFrEF patients had higher adjusted in-hospital mortality [AOR 1.73, 95% CI (1.21-2.48)], acute renal failure [AOR 2.68, 95% CI (2.34-3.06)], and need for mechanical support [AOR 2.76, 95% CI (2.17-3.51)]. Compared to patients without heart failure, HFpEF patients had similar mortality and need for mechanical support, but higher incidence of acute renal failure. Older age was significantly associated with increased in-hospital mortality. chronic total occlusion PCI in patients with heart failure is associated with higher in-hospital morbidity and mortality and warrants further investigation to optimize health care delivery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine