In vitro analysis of MyD88-mediated cellular immune response to West Nile virus mutant strain infection

Guorui Xie, Melissa C. Whiteman, Jason A. Wicker, Alan Barrett, Tian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

An attenuated West Nile virus (WNV), a nonstructural (NS) 4B-P38G mutant, induced higher innate cytokine and T cell responses than the wild-type WNV in mice. Recently, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling was shown to be important for initial T cell priming and memory T cell development during WNV NS4B-P38G mutant infection. In this study, two flow cytometry-based methods - an in vitro T cell priming assay and an intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) - were utilized to assess dendritic cells (DCs) and T cell functions. In the T cell priming assay, cell proliferation was analyzed by flow cytometry following co-culture of DCs from both groups of mice with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) - labeled CD4(+) T cells of OTII transgenic mice. This approach provided an accurate determination of the percentage of proliferating CD4(+) T cells with significantly improved overall sensitivity than the traditional assays with radioactive reagents. A microcentrifuge tube system was used in both cell culture and cytokine staining procedures of the ICS protocol. Compared to the traditional tissue culture plate-based system, this modified procedure was easier to perform at biosafety level (BL) 3 facilities. Moreover, WNV- infected cells were treated with paraformaldehyde in both assays, which enabled further analysis outside BL3 facilities. Overall, these in vitro immunological assays can be used to efficiently assess cell-mediated immune responses during WNV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e52121
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Issue number93
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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