We treated a patient with a combined immunodeficiency and disease pathology resembling GvHD with cyclosporine. This disorder was characterized by exfoliative dermatitis, lymphadenopathy, and lymphocytosis of a novel T-cell phenotype (CD3+ TCR β/β+ CD4- CD8-). The patient’s peripheral blood T cells had elevated cytolytic activity and expressed increased levels of IL2R, HLA-DR, and CD45RO. Treatment with CsA resulted in marked clinical improvement, resolution of the lymphocytosis, and reduced cytolytic activity of peripheral blood T cells. T-cell HLA-DR and IL2R expression was reduced by cyclosporine, but CD45RO remained intact on virtually all circulating T cells. CsA also inhibited the cytolytic activity and cytokine production of in vitro cultured TCR β/β+ CD4- CD8- cell lines. Our data suggest that alleviation of the patient's clinical symptoms resulted from cyclosporine-mediated suppression of proliferation, cytotoxicity, and inflammatory cytokine production of TCR β/β+ CD4- CD8- T lymphocytes in vivo. The response of this patient to cyclosporine, which was similar to that seen in true GvHD, provides further evidence that these conditions share common pathogenetic pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology|
|State||Published - Jun 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine