In vivo comparison of inhibition with proglumide and CR-1409 of cholecystokinin-induced pressure in the biliary tract of the guinea pig

G. J. Poston, D. G. MacLellan, T. Hashimoto, J. R. Upp, Courtney Townsend, J. C. Thompson

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Abstract

This study was done to compare the effects of two cholecystokinin antagonists, proglumide and CR-1409, on cholecystokinin-induced changes in intrabiliary pressure in vivo. We have substantially modified the constant infusion biliary manometry model, successfully used in large animals, to measure contractility of the gallbladder in guinea pigs. A silicone catheter for manometry was placed in the fundus of the gallbladder of an anesthetized guinea pig, and the biliary tree was constantly infused at 0.1 milliliter per minute with normal saline solution. The intraluminal pressure of the system was continuously recorded. The model was used to demonstrate a dose-response curve to bolus administration of exogenous cholecystokinin (0.01 to 1.0 nanomole per kilogram) and also to study the actions of proglumide, an antagonist to gastrin and cholecystokinin, and CR-1409, a newer, specific cholecystokinin antagonist, on cholecystokinin-induced contraction of the gallbladder of the guinea pig in vivo. Proglumide, at a dose of 5 millimoles per kilogram, completely abolished increases in intrabiliary pressure caused by cholecystokinin (0.5 nanomole per kilogram), whereas this effect was achieved by only 5 micromoles per kilogram of CR-1409. In both, there was full recovery from cholecystokinin antagonism within one hour. CR-1409 is one thousand times more potent than proglumide against cholecystokinin-induced changes in intrabiliary pressure in vivo and appears to be a useful pharmacologic reagent to study cholecystokinin-mediated components of physiologic contraction of the gallbladder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-222
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume170
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Surgery

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