Incidence of HIV seroconversion in paediatric burn patients

R. L. Rutan, D. L. Bjarnason, M. H. Desai, David Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A retrospective review of paediatric patients treated for acute burn injuries and receiving blood/blood products between 1978 and 1985, identified 52 patients at risk for HIV infection. Over 50 per cent of the identified population had received 3 or more units of blood/blood products during their acute hospital stay. A total of 214 patients (36.8 per cent) have been tested for HIV seroconversions: five tested HIV positive by ELISA and four were confirmed by Western Blot, yielding a 1.9 per cent incidence. The four confirmed patients received 2-9 total body blood volume turnovers during their postburn period in hospital. At 4 years post-exposure, two patients show active disease, one is currently asymptomatic and one has died from AIDS-related sepsis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-219
Number of pages4
JournalBurns
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Rutan, R. L., Bjarnason, D. L., Desai, M. H., & Herndon, D. (1992). Incidence of HIV seroconversion in paediatric burn patients. Burns, 18(3), 216-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(92)90072-3