Increased fasting glucose and the prevalence of arterial stiffness: A cross-sectional study in Chinese adults

Jing Wang, Liping Liu, Yong Zhou, Chunxue Wang, Haitao Hu, Kolin Hoff, Yuming Guo, Xiang Gao, Anxin Wang, Shouling Wu, Xingquan Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective: Previous studies have shown that diabetes increases the prevalence of arterial stiffness. However, it remains controversial whether impaired fasting glucose (IFG), a key pre-diabetes condition, is associated with increased risk of arterial stiffness. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between increased fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and the prevalence of arterial stiffness in a Chinese adult population. Methods: A random sample of 5039 participants aged 40 years or older (40.0% female) were enrolled in this study. Information on potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease was collected, and the presence of arterial stiffness was assessed by measuring brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Participants were stratified into three groups: normal fasting glucose (NFG), IFG, and diabetes mellitus (DM). The IFG group was further stratified by quartiles based on the level of FPG into Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4. Results: Fasting plasma glucose level was found to be independently and positively associated with baPWV. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval (CI)) for arterial stiffness were 1.09 (0.80-1.48), 1.33 (0.98-1.81), 1.27 (0.93-1.73), 1.82 (1.31-2.53), and 2.15 (1.66-2.79) for those in IFG Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, and DM groups compared with NFG group (P < 0.001), respectively, after adjusting for age, sex, and other potential confounders. Moreover, male participants and participants younger than 60 years were closely associated with the presence and severity of arterial stiffness (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study reports a previously unidentified positive association between increased FPG and the prevalence of arterial stiffness, suggesting the importance of FPG control in the prevention of arterial stiffness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-433
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Epidemiology
  • Impaired fasting glucose
  • Prevention
  • Pulse wave velocity
  • Rterial stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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