Induction of deoxycytidine deaminase activity in mammalian cell lines by infection with herpes simplex virus type 1

T. S. Chan

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herpes simplex virus type 1 induces deoxycytidine deaminase (cytidine/deoxycytidine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.5) activity when it lytically infects a number of mammalian cell lines. The deaminase activity is induced in a mouse cell line that is deficient in this enzyme. The induction of the enzyme in this mutant cell line does not occur in the presence of actinomycin D and the induced enzyme is more thermolabile than the enzyme of the wild-type mouse cell line. Furthermore, a new deoxycytidine deaminase species with a characteristic electrophoretic mobility that is different from that of the host cell enzyme is found in cell extracts prepared from a human cell line infected with herpesvirus. These results strongly suggest that the virus-induced deoxycytidine deaminase is coded by the viral genome. Because a deficiency in this enzyme is conditionally lethal for cells growing in a medium containing 5-methyldeoxycytidine as the sole source of thymidylate, this enzyme can be utilized as a selective marker for selecting mutant cells that have regained deoxycytidine deaminase activity as the result of infection by ultraviolet-inactivated herpes simplex virus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1734-1738
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume74
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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deoxycytidine deaminase
Human Herpesvirus 1
Cell Line
Enzymes
Infection
5-methyldeoxycytidine
4 alpha-glucanotransferase
Cytidine Deaminase
Deoxycytidine
Enzyme Induction
Viral Genome
Herpesviridae
Dactinomycin
Simplexvirus
Cell Extracts
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Induction of deoxycytidine deaminase activity in mammalian cell lines by infection with herpes simplex virus type 1",
abstract = "Herpes simplex virus type 1 induces deoxycytidine deaminase (cytidine/deoxycytidine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.5) activity when it lytically infects a number of mammalian cell lines. The deaminase activity is induced in a mouse cell line that is deficient in this enzyme. The induction of the enzyme in this mutant cell line does not occur in the presence of actinomycin D and the induced enzyme is more thermolabile than the enzyme of the wild-type mouse cell line. Furthermore, a new deoxycytidine deaminase species with a characteristic electrophoretic mobility that is different from that of the host cell enzyme is found in cell extracts prepared from a human cell line infected with herpesvirus. These results strongly suggest that the virus-induced deoxycytidine deaminase is coded by the viral genome. Because a deficiency in this enzyme is conditionally lethal for cells growing in a medium containing 5-methyldeoxycytidine as the sole source of thymidylate, this enzyme can be utilized as a selective marker for selecting mutant cells that have regained deoxycytidine deaminase activity as the result of infection by ultraviolet-inactivated herpes simplex virus.",
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T1 - Induction of deoxycytidine deaminase activity in mammalian cell lines by infection with herpes simplex virus type 1

AU - Chan, T. S.

PY - 1977

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N2 - Herpes simplex virus type 1 induces deoxycytidine deaminase (cytidine/deoxycytidine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.5) activity when it lytically infects a number of mammalian cell lines. The deaminase activity is induced in a mouse cell line that is deficient in this enzyme. The induction of the enzyme in this mutant cell line does not occur in the presence of actinomycin D and the induced enzyme is more thermolabile than the enzyme of the wild-type mouse cell line. Furthermore, a new deoxycytidine deaminase species with a characteristic electrophoretic mobility that is different from that of the host cell enzyme is found in cell extracts prepared from a human cell line infected with herpesvirus. These results strongly suggest that the virus-induced deoxycytidine deaminase is coded by the viral genome. Because a deficiency in this enzyme is conditionally lethal for cells growing in a medium containing 5-methyldeoxycytidine as the sole source of thymidylate, this enzyme can be utilized as a selective marker for selecting mutant cells that have regained deoxycytidine deaminase activity as the result of infection by ultraviolet-inactivated herpes simplex virus.

AB - Herpes simplex virus type 1 induces deoxycytidine deaminase (cytidine/deoxycytidine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.5) activity when it lytically infects a number of mammalian cell lines. The deaminase activity is induced in a mouse cell line that is deficient in this enzyme. The induction of the enzyme in this mutant cell line does not occur in the presence of actinomycin D and the induced enzyme is more thermolabile than the enzyme of the wild-type mouse cell line. Furthermore, a new deoxycytidine deaminase species with a characteristic electrophoretic mobility that is different from that of the host cell enzyme is found in cell extracts prepared from a human cell line infected with herpesvirus. These results strongly suggest that the virus-induced deoxycytidine deaminase is coded by the viral genome. Because a deficiency in this enzyme is conditionally lethal for cells growing in a medium containing 5-methyldeoxycytidine as the sole source of thymidylate, this enzyme can be utilized as a selective marker for selecting mutant cells that have regained deoxycytidine deaminase activity as the result of infection by ultraviolet-inactivated herpes simplex virus.

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