Inflammation induces Epac-protein kinase C alpha and epsilon signaling in TRPV1-mediated hyperalgesia

Yanping Gu, Guangwen Li, Li-Yen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The exchange proteins activated by cAMP (Epacs) have been shown to play important roles in producing inflammation-induced nociception. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a major receptor processing thermal and chemosensitive nociceptive information. The role of Epacs in modulating the activity of TRPV1 has yet to be determined. Studying the effect of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation on capsaicin-activated TRPV1 nociceptive responses in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), we found that CFA produced a large increase in capsaicin-induced responses. The increase was inhibited by Epac1 and Epac2 antagonists. Thus, activation of Epacs is critical in producing enhancement in TRPV1-mediated responses under inflammatory conditions. In addition, the inflammation-induced enhancement of TRPV1 responses was blocked by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors, suggesting the essential roles of these PKCs in enhancing TRPV1 responses. To determine the mechanism underlying the Epac actions on TRPV1, we studied the effects of the Epac activator, 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2-O-methyl-cAMP (CPT), on capsaicin-induced nociceptive behavioral responses, capsaicin-activated currents, expression and membrane trafficking of PKC and TRPV1 in DRG. CPT was found to enhance capsaicin-induced nociception and ionic currents. The enhancement was inhibited by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors. In addition, CPT increased the expression of phosphorylated PKCα (pPKCα) and membrane TRPV1 expression in DRG. Studying the colocalization of TRPV1 and pPKCα or pPKCε in DRG slices prepared from CFA-treated rats, we found that pPKCα or pPKCε expressed with TRPV1 in different-sized neurons to exert differential influences on TRPV1 activity. Thus, Epac-PKC signaling is critically important in producing inflammation-induced potentiation of TRPV1 functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2383-2393
Number of pages11
JournalPain
Volume159
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Protein Kinase C-epsilon
Protein Kinase C-alpha
Hyperalgesia
Inflammation
Capsaicin
Spinal Ganglia
Freund's Adjuvant
Nociception
vanilloid receptor subtype 1
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Inflammation induces Epac-protein kinase C alpha and epsilon signaling in TRPV1-mediated hyperalgesia. / Gu, Yanping; Li, Guangwen; Huang, Li-Yen.

In: Pain, Vol. 159, No. 11, 01.11.2018, p. 2383-2393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8647ec87d80449d391b1f63886ed432c,
title = "Inflammation induces Epac-protein kinase C alpha and epsilon signaling in TRPV1-mediated hyperalgesia",
abstract = "The exchange proteins activated by cAMP (Epacs) have been shown to play important roles in producing inflammation-induced nociception. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a major receptor processing thermal and chemosensitive nociceptive information. The role of Epacs in modulating the activity of TRPV1 has yet to be determined. Studying the effect of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation on capsaicin-activated TRPV1 nociceptive responses in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), we found that CFA produced a large increase in capsaicin-induced responses. The increase was inhibited by Epac1 and Epac2 antagonists. Thus, activation of Epacs is critical in producing enhancement in TRPV1-mediated responses under inflammatory conditions. In addition, the inflammation-induced enhancement of TRPV1 responses was blocked by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors, suggesting the essential roles of these PKCs in enhancing TRPV1 responses. To determine the mechanism underlying the Epac actions on TRPV1, we studied the effects of the Epac activator, 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2-O-methyl-cAMP (CPT), on capsaicin-induced nociceptive behavioral responses, capsaicin-activated currents, expression and membrane trafficking of PKC and TRPV1 in DRG. CPT was found to enhance capsaicin-induced nociception and ionic currents. The enhancement was inhibited by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors. In addition, CPT increased the expression of phosphorylated PKCα (pPKCα) and membrane TRPV1 expression in DRG. Studying the colocalization of TRPV1 and pPKCα or pPKCε in DRG slices prepared from CFA-treated rats, we found that pPKCα or pPKCε expressed with TRPV1 in different-sized neurons to exert differential influences on TRPV1 activity. Thus, Epac-PKC signaling is critically important in producing inflammation-induced potentiation of TRPV1 functions.",
author = "Yanping Gu and Guangwen Li and Li-Yen Huang",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001346",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "159",
pages = "2383--2393",
journal = "Pain",
issn = "0304-3959",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inflammation induces Epac-protein kinase C alpha and epsilon signaling in TRPV1-mediated hyperalgesia

AU - Gu, Yanping

AU - Li, Guangwen

AU - Huang, Li-Yen

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - The exchange proteins activated by cAMP (Epacs) have been shown to play important roles in producing inflammation-induced nociception. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a major receptor processing thermal and chemosensitive nociceptive information. The role of Epacs in modulating the activity of TRPV1 has yet to be determined. Studying the effect of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation on capsaicin-activated TRPV1 nociceptive responses in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), we found that CFA produced a large increase in capsaicin-induced responses. The increase was inhibited by Epac1 and Epac2 antagonists. Thus, activation of Epacs is critical in producing enhancement in TRPV1-mediated responses under inflammatory conditions. In addition, the inflammation-induced enhancement of TRPV1 responses was blocked by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors, suggesting the essential roles of these PKCs in enhancing TRPV1 responses. To determine the mechanism underlying the Epac actions on TRPV1, we studied the effects of the Epac activator, 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2-O-methyl-cAMP (CPT), on capsaicin-induced nociceptive behavioral responses, capsaicin-activated currents, expression and membrane trafficking of PKC and TRPV1 in DRG. CPT was found to enhance capsaicin-induced nociception and ionic currents. The enhancement was inhibited by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors. In addition, CPT increased the expression of phosphorylated PKCα (pPKCα) and membrane TRPV1 expression in DRG. Studying the colocalization of TRPV1 and pPKCα or pPKCε in DRG slices prepared from CFA-treated rats, we found that pPKCα or pPKCε expressed with TRPV1 in different-sized neurons to exert differential influences on TRPV1 activity. Thus, Epac-PKC signaling is critically important in producing inflammation-induced potentiation of TRPV1 functions.

AB - The exchange proteins activated by cAMP (Epacs) have been shown to play important roles in producing inflammation-induced nociception. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a major receptor processing thermal and chemosensitive nociceptive information. The role of Epacs in modulating the activity of TRPV1 has yet to be determined. Studying the effect of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation on capsaicin-activated TRPV1 nociceptive responses in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), we found that CFA produced a large increase in capsaicin-induced responses. The increase was inhibited by Epac1 and Epac2 antagonists. Thus, activation of Epacs is critical in producing enhancement in TRPV1-mediated responses under inflammatory conditions. In addition, the inflammation-induced enhancement of TRPV1 responses was blocked by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors, suggesting the essential roles of these PKCs in enhancing TRPV1 responses. To determine the mechanism underlying the Epac actions on TRPV1, we studied the effects of the Epac activator, 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2-O-methyl-cAMP (CPT), on capsaicin-induced nociceptive behavioral responses, capsaicin-activated currents, expression and membrane trafficking of PKC and TRPV1 in DRG. CPT was found to enhance capsaicin-induced nociception and ionic currents. The enhancement was inhibited by PKCα and PKCε inhibitors. In addition, CPT increased the expression of phosphorylated PKCα (pPKCα) and membrane TRPV1 expression in DRG. Studying the colocalization of TRPV1 and pPKCα or pPKCε in DRG slices prepared from CFA-treated rats, we found that pPKCα or pPKCε expressed with TRPV1 in different-sized neurons to exert differential influences on TRPV1 activity. Thus, Epac-PKC signaling is critically important in producing inflammation-induced potentiation of TRPV1 functions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055073180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055073180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001346

DO - 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001346

M3 - Article

VL - 159

SP - 2383

EP - 2393

JO - Pain

JF - Pain

SN - 0304-3959

IS - 11

ER -