Influence of Sex and Age on Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes Among Older Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury

James E. Graham, Dawn M. Radice-Neumann, Timothy Reistetter, Flora M. Hammond, Marcel Dijkers, Carl V. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graham JE, Radice-Neumann DM, Reistetter TA, Hammond FM, Dijkers M, Granger CV. Influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with traumatic brain injury. Objective: To assess the influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes in a large national sample of older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective case series. Setting: Eight hundred forty-eight inpatient rehabilitation facilities that subscribe to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. Participants: Patients (n=18,413) age 65 years and older admitted for inpatient rehabilitation after TBI from 2005 through 2007. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: Rehabilitation length of stay, discharge FIM motor and cognitive ratings, discharge setting, and scheduled home health services at discharge. Results: Mean age ± SD of the sample was 79±7 years, and 47% were women. In multivariable models, higher age was associated with shorter lengths of stay (P<.001), lower discharge FIM motor and cognitive ratings (P<.001), and greater odds of home health services at discharge (P<.001). Women demonstrated shorter lengths of stay (P=.006) and greater odds of being scheduled for home health services at discharge (P<.001) than men. The sex-by-age interaction term was not significant in any outcome model. Sex differences and trends were consistent across the entire age range of the sample. Conclusions: Sex and age patterns in rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with TBI varied by outcome. The current findings related to rehabilitation length of stay may be helpful for facility-level resource planning. Additional studies are warranted to identify the factors associated with returning to home and to assess the long-term benefits of combined inpatient rehabilitation and home health services for older adults with TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Inpatients
Rehabilitation
Health Services
Length of Stay
Information Systems
Sex Characteristics
Traumatic Brain Injury
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Brain injuries
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Influence of Sex and Age on Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes Among Older Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury. / Graham, James E.; Radice-Neumann, Dawn M.; Reistetter, Timothy; Hammond, Flora M.; Dijkers, Marcel; Granger, Carl V.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 91, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 43-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Graham, James E. ; Radice-Neumann, Dawn M. ; Reistetter, Timothy ; Hammond, Flora M. ; Dijkers, Marcel ; Granger, Carl V. / Influence of Sex and Age on Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes Among Older Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2010 ; Vol. 91, No. 1. pp. 43-50.
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