Influences of gender, development, pregnancy and ethanol consumption on the hematotoxicity of inhaled 10 ppm benzene

Miriam Corti, C. A. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hematotoxic effects of benzene in both humans and animals are well documented. Current estimates concerning the risks associated with benzene exposure are usually based on adult, male cohort studies; however, there are indications that females may respond differently than males to benzene and that fetuses may respond differently than adults. Another factor to be considered in risk estimates is the impact of personal habits. In experimental animals, ethanol consumption is known to increase the hematotoxicity of benzene; therefore, alcohol consumption may also alter the potential risk of individuals exposed to benzene. To address some of the factors that may confound risk estimates for benzene exposure, a series of experiments were performed. Age-matched male as well as pregnant and virgin female Swiss Webster mice were exposed to 10 ppm benzene for 6 h a day over 10 consecutive days (days 6 through 15 of gestation for the pregnant females). Half of the animals also received 5% ethanol in the drinking water during this period. On day 11, bone marrow cells from the adults and liver cells from the fetuses were assayed for the numbers of erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-e). CFU-e assays were also performed on bone marrow cells isolated from 6-week postpartum dams exposed during gestation and from in utero-exposed 6-week old males and females. Gender differences were clearly observed in the responses to the various exposure protocols. Depressions in CFU-e numbers were only seen in male mice while elevations in CFU-e numbers were only seen in female mice. Male mice exposed as adults for 10 days to benzene (B), ethanol (E) or benzene + ethanol (B + E) exhibited depressed CFU-e levels as did male fetal mice exposed to B in utero. In addition, adult male mice which had been exposed in utero to either B or to E individually displayed depressed CFU-e levels. In contrast, none of the groups of female mice exhibited any depressions in CFU-e numbers after any of the exposures. Elevations in CFU-e numbers were observed among pregnant females exposed to E and among adult females exposed to B + E in utero. In summary, a majority (6/9) of the exposure protocols produced depressions in the CFU-e numbers of male mice, whereas a majority (7/9) of the exposure protocols produced no changes in the CFU-e numbers of female mice. Those changes that were observed in females consisted of elevations of CFU-e numbers. These results suggest that the male erythron is more susceptible than the female erythron to the hematotoxicants benzene and ethanol, regardless of whether exposures occur in utero or during adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Toxicology
Volume70
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Benzene
Ethanol
Pregnancy
Animals
Bone Marrow Cells
Bone
Fetus
Cells
Erythroid Precursor Cells
Drinking Water
Alcohol Drinking
Liver
Postpartum Period
Dams
Habits
Assays
Cohort Studies
Alcohols
Depression

Keywords

  • Benzene
  • Extrinsic factors
  • Intrinsic
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Influences of gender, development, pregnancy and ethanol consumption on the hematotoxicity of inhaled 10 ppm benzene. / Corti, Miriam; Snyder, C. A.

In: Archives of Toxicology, Vol. 70, No. 3-4, 1996, p. 209-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0e638427b2ec4a0bb40e7cbaf178a5a2,
title = "Influences of gender, development, pregnancy and ethanol consumption on the hematotoxicity of inhaled 10 ppm benzene",
abstract = "The hematotoxic effects of benzene in both humans and animals are well documented. Current estimates concerning the risks associated with benzene exposure are usually based on adult, male cohort studies; however, there are indications that females may respond differently than males to benzene and that fetuses may respond differently than adults. Another factor to be considered in risk estimates is the impact of personal habits. In experimental animals, ethanol consumption is known to increase the hematotoxicity of benzene; therefore, alcohol consumption may also alter the potential risk of individuals exposed to benzene. To address some of the factors that may confound risk estimates for benzene exposure, a series of experiments were performed. Age-matched male as well as pregnant and virgin female Swiss Webster mice were exposed to 10 ppm benzene for 6 h a day over 10 consecutive days (days 6 through 15 of gestation for the pregnant females). Half of the animals also received 5{\%} ethanol in the drinking water during this period. On day 11, bone marrow cells from the adults and liver cells from the fetuses were assayed for the numbers of erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-e). CFU-e assays were also performed on bone marrow cells isolated from 6-week postpartum dams exposed during gestation and from in utero-exposed 6-week old males and females. Gender differences were clearly observed in the responses to the various exposure protocols. Depressions in CFU-e numbers were only seen in male mice while elevations in CFU-e numbers were only seen in female mice. Male mice exposed as adults for 10 days to benzene (B), ethanol (E) or benzene + ethanol (B + E) exhibited depressed CFU-e levels as did male fetal mice exposed to B in utero. In addition, adult male mice which had been exposed in utero to either B or to E individually displayed depressed CFU-e levels. In contrast, none of the groups of female mice exhibited any depressions in CFU-e numbers after any of the exposures. Elevations in CFU-e numbers were observed among pregnant females exposed to E and among adult females exposed to B + E in utero. In summary, a majority (6/9) of the exposure protocols produced depressions in the CFU-e numbers of male mice, whereas a majority (7/9) of the exposure protocols produced no changes in the CFU-e numbers of female mice. Those changes that were observed in females consisted of elevations of CFU-e numbers. These results suggest that the male erythron is more susceptible than the female erythron to the hematotoxicants benzene and ethanol, regardless of whether exposures occur in utero or during adulthood.",
keywords = "Benzene, Extrinsic factors, Intrinsic, Toxicity",
author = "Miriam Corti and Snyder, {C. A.}",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.1007/s002040050262",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "209--217",
journal = "Archiv fur Toxikologie",
issn = "0003-9446",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influences of gender, development, pregnancy and ethanol consumption on the hematotoxicity of inhaled 10 ppm benzene

AU - Corti, Miriam

AU - Snyder, C. A.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The hematotoxic effects of benzene in both humans and animals are well documented. Current estimates concerning the risks associated with benzene exposure are usually based on adult, male cohort studies; however, there are indications that females may respond differently than males to benzene and that fetuses may respond differently than adults. Another factor to be considered in risk estimates is the impact of personal habits. In experimental animals, ethanol consumption is known to increase the hematotoxicity of benzene; therefore, alcohol consumption may also alter the potential risk of individuals exposed to benzene. To address some of the factors that may confound risk estimates for benzene exposure, a series of experiments were performed. Age-matched male as well as pregnant and virgin female Swiss Webster mice were exposed to 10 ppm benzene for 6 h a day over 10 consecutive days (days 6 through 15 of gestation for the pregnant females). Half of the animals also received 5% ethanol in the drinking water during this period. On day 11, bone marrow cells from the adults and liver cells from the fetuses were assayed for the numbers of erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-e). CFU-e assays were also performed on bone marrow cells isolated from 6-week postpartum dams exposed during gestation and from in utero-exposed 6-week old males and females. Gender differences were clearly observed in the responses to the various exposure protocols. Depressions in CFU-e numbers were only seen in male mice while elevations in CFU-e numbers were only seen in female mice. Male mice exposed as adults for 10 days to benzene (B), ethanol (E) or benzene + ethanol (B + E) exhibited depressed CFU-e levels as did male fetal mice exposed to B in utero. In addition, adult male mice which had been exposed in utero to either B or to E individually displayed depressed CFU-e levels. In contrast, none of the groups of female mice exhibited any depressions in CFU-e numbers after any of the exposures. Elevations in CFU-e numbers were observed among pregnant females exposed to E and among adult females exposed to B + E in utero. In summary, a majority (6/9) of the exposure protocols produced depressions in the CFU-e numbers of male mice, whereas a majority (7/9) of the exposure protocols produced no changes in the CFU-e numbers of female mice. Those changes that were observed in females consisted of elevations of CFU-e numbers. These results suggest that the male erythron is more susceptible than the female erythron to the hematotoxicants benzene and ethanol, regardless of whether exposures occur in utero or during adulthood.

AB - The hematotoxic effects of benzene in both humans and animals are well documented. Current estimates concerning the risks associated with benzene exposure are usually based on adult, male cohort studies; however, there are indications that females may respond differently than males to benzene and that fetuses may respond differently than adults. Another factor to be considered in risk estimates is the impact of personal habits. In experimental animals, ethanol consumption is known to increase the hematotoxicity of benzene; therefore, alcohol consumption may also alter the potential risk of individuals exposed to benzene. To address some of the factors that may confound risk estimates for benzene exposure, a series of experiments were performed. Age-matched male as well as pregnant and virgin female Swiss Webster mice were exposed to 10 ppm benzene for 6 h a day over 10 consecutive days (days 6 through 15 of gestation for the pregnant females). Half of the animals also received 5% ethanol in the drinking water during this period. On day 11, bone marrow cells from the adults and liver cells from the fetuses were assayed for the numbers of erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-e). CFU-e assays were also performed on bone marrow cells isolated from 6-week postpartum dams exposed during gestation and from in utero-exposed 6-week old males and females. Gender differences were clearly observed in the responses to the various exposure protocols. Depressions in CFU-e numbers were only seen in male mice while elevations in CFU-e numbers were only seen in female mice. Male mice exposed as adults for 10 days to benzene (B), ethanol (E) or benzene + ethanol (B + E) exhibited depressed CFU-e levels as did male fetal mice exposed to B in utero. In addition, adult male mice which had been exposed in utero to either B or to E individually displayed depressed CFU-e levels. In contrast, none of the groups of female mice exhibited any depressions in CFU-e numbers after any of the exposures. Elevations in CFU-e numbers were observed among pregnant females exposed to E and among adult females exposed to B + E in utero. In summary, a majority (6/9) of the exposure protocols produced depressions in the CFU-e numbers of male mice, whereas a majority (7/9) of the exposure protocols produced no changes in the CFU-e numbers of female mice. Those changes that were observed in females consisted of elevations of CFU-e numbers. These results suggest that the male erythron is more susceptible than the female erythron to the hematotoxicants benzene and ethanol, regardless of whether exposures occur in utero or during adulthood.

KW - Benzene

KW - Extrinsic factors

KW - Intrinsic

KW - Toxicity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030053542&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030053542&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s002040050262

DO - 10.1007/s002040050262

M3 - Article

C2 - 8825679

AN - SCOPUS:0030053542

VL - 70

SP - 209

EP - 217

JO - Archiv fur Toxikologie

JF - Archiv fur Toxikologie

SN - 0003-9446

IS - 3-4

ER -