Information communication technology-enabled instrumental activities of daily living: a paradigm shift in functional assessment

Abbas H. Quamar, Mark R. Schmeler, Diane Collins, Richard M. Schein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: Information Communication Technology, such as smartphones, apps, the internet, etc., has become all-pervasive in our society. To learn the impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) on everyday functioning, specifically Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), an exploratory review was undertaken. Methods: We identified how many primary IADL domains were substantially influenced by ICT, by examining primary IADL domains, in terms of traditional and ICT-enabled ways of completing these common tasks. The study further explored the implications of the pervasiveness of ICT and the ICT-enabled new normal in everyday functioning that underpins the need to redefine IADLs. Results: This examination revealed that the impact of ICT on IADLs has been so profound, that it marks a paradigm shift in the way we assess IADL completion. Creation of the concept of “Electronic Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (eIADLs)” would be a first step in marking this paradigm shift, and would foster further advances for understanding the mechanisms underlying the ICT-based life style related outcome measurement in rehabilitation science.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION The presence of Information Communication Technology (ICT) has substantially influenced the way we complete our Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). Indeed, the impact is so profound, that it marks a paradigm shift in the way we should assess and measure everyday functioning. Creation of the concept of eIADLs would be a first step in marking this paradigm shift, and would foster further advances for understanding the mechanisms underlying the ICT-based life style related outcome measurement in the rehabilitation sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • Information technology
  • internet
  • mobile applications
  • rehabilitation
  • smartphone apps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech and Hearing

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