Background: Hypothermia exacerbates coagulopathy and is thus a potentially devastating morbidity during operative debridement of burn wounds. Current techniques for maintaining body temperature include warming intravenous fluids at 38°C. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety of infusing saline heated to 55-60°C. Methods: Using a modified fluid warmer, saline heated to 60°C was infused through central venous access in eight adult patients undergoing debridement of burn wounds. The temperature of the saline actually entering the patient was measured by a thermocouple attached at the connection to the central line catheter. Results: The actual infusate temperature was 54.0 ± 1.2°C. Over the first hour, 1,100 mL of hot saline was given, thus delivering 17.6 kcal more heat than fluid warmed to the traditional 38°C. Core temperature measured via esophageal and Foley catheters had an insignificant trend toward increase during the operative procedure. There was no evidence of intravascular hemolysis or coagulopathy. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that infusion of hot crystalloids given via central venous access is safe and may be an acceptable adjuvant in attenuating hypothermia during operative procedures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|State||Published - Jun 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine