Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase prevents myocardial and systemic vascular barrier dysfunction during early cardiac allograft rejection

Neil K. Worrall, Kathy Chang, Gloria M. Suau, Wanda S. Allison, Thomas P. Misko, Patrick M. Sullivan, Ronald G. Tilton, Joseph R. Williamson, T. Bruce Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

NO is produced during cardiac allograft rejection by expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in the rejecting heart. Recent evidence indicates that NO modulates vascular permeability under both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. The present study explored the effects of early acute cardiac allograft rejection, and specifically the effects of NO, on myocardial and systemic vascular barrier function using a quantitative double-tracer permeation method in a rat cardiac transplant model. Early allograft rejection increased albumin permeation twofold to fivefold in the allograft heart and systemic vasculature (brain, lung, sciatic nerve, diaphragm, retina, muscle, kidney, and uvea) compared with isografts and controls. There were no detectable differences in regional blood flow or hemodynamics, suggesting that increased albumin permeation resulted from increased vascular permeability. iNOS mRNA was expressed in the allograft heart and native lung and was associated with increased serum nitrite/nitrate levels. iNOS inhibition with aminoguanidine prevented or attenuated allograft heart and systemic vascular barrier dysfunction and reduced allograft serum nitrite/nitrate levels to isograft values. Aminoguanidine did not affect the mild histological changes of rejection present in allografts. These data demonstrate the novel observations that (1) endothelial barrier function is compromised in the systemic vasculature, particularly in the brain, remote from the site of allograft rejection; (2) allograft vascular barrier dysfunction is associated with increased NO production and iNOS mRNA expression in the affected tissues (eg. native lung and grafted heart); and (3) inhibition of NO production by iNOS prevents vascular barrier dysfunction in the allograft heart and systemic vasculature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-779
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation Research
Volume78
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • blood-brain barrier
  • capillary permeability
  • cardiac transplantation
  • endothelium
  • nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Worrall, N. K., Chang, K., Suau, G. M., Allison, W. S., Misko, T. P., Sullivan, P. M., Tilton, R. G., Williamson, J. R., & Ferguson, T. B. (1996). Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase prevents myocardial and systemic vascular barrier dysfunction during early cardiac allograft rejection. Circulation Research, 78(5), 769-779. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.RES.78.5.769