Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase ameliorates cellular injury in sickle cell mouse kidneys

Norman Bank, Militza Kiroycheva, Pravin C. Singhal, Gillian M. Anthony, Garry J. Southan, Csaba Szabo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Scopus citations


    Background: In previous studies of transgenic sickle cell mice, increased renal expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and endothelial cell isoform of NOS (EcNOS) was found by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. In addition, putative evidence of peroxynitrite (ONOO- ) formation was found in the form of positive immunostaining and immunoblot for nitrotyrosine. Apoptosis was also detected by DNA strand breakage and TUNEL assay. The present study was carried out to examine the role of NO/ONOO- in mediating renal tubular cell apoptosis in sickle cell mouse kidneys. Methods: Mercaptoethylguanidine (MEG), a compound that selectively inhibits iNOS and also is a scavenger of ONOO-, was administered intraperitoneally over a five-day period to control and β(s) mice. Immunohistochemistry of iNOS and nitrotyrosine, DNA electrophoresis, ApoTACS assay for apoptosis, and Western blot of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were carried out. Results: MEG administration virtually eliminated renal immunostaining of iNOS and nitrotyrosine and prevented DNA strand breakage. In addition, Western blot analysis of PARP, a nuclear DNA-reparative enzyme activated in response to DNA strand breakage, was found to be cleavaged in hypoxic β(s) mice, but was partially protected in MEG-treated β(s) hypoxic mice. Finally, apoptosis was markedly reduced by MEG in β(s) hypoxic mice. Conclusions: These observations provide evidence that NO and/or ONOO- are responsible for initiating cell damage, which leads to apoptosis in sickle cell mouse kidneys.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)82-89
    Number of pages8
    JournalKidney International
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 2000


    • ApoTACS assay
    • Apoptosis
    • DNA strand breakage
    • Hypoxia
    • Immunohistochemistry
    • Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nephrology


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