Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a cell-mediated autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which has been well characterized as an animal model of multiple sclerosis. Although the precise mechanisms involved in the etiology of both disorders remains undefined, recent evidence has demonstrated a role for peroxynitrite in disease development. As our group has previously shown that peroxynitrite mediates cytotoxicity via the activation of poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS), we have examined the effect of PARS inhibitors on the progression of EAE. Male Lewis rats (200-250g) inoculated for EAE were either orally dosed with 5-iodo-6-amino-1,2-benzopyrone (BP, 200 mg/kg body weight) or treated i.p. with 3-aminobenzamide (3AB, 30 mg/kg body weight) once daily from days 7 to 11 post-inoculation. Animals were then monitored for neurological disease signs. Administration of 3AB delayed the course of the disease. Administration of BP induced a marked suppression of the neurological development of EAE. The drug-treated animals demonstrated both a delay in the onset as well as a reduction in the incidence and severity of disease signs. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate an involvement of PARS activation in the pathogenesis of EAE. However, further work is required to fully elucidate the precise role of PARS in disease etiology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Mar 20 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology