Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Ownership Type Yields Mixed Performances on Quality Measures

Jessica Edelstein, Chih Ying Li, Jay Meythaler, Jennifer A. Weaver, James E. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effects of inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) ownership type on IRF-Quality Reporting Program (IRF-QRP) measures. Design: Cross-sectional, observational design. Setting: We used 2 Centers for Medicare and Medicare publicly-available, facility-level data sources: (1) IRF compare files and (2) IRF rate setting files – final rule. Data from 2021 were included. Participants: The study sample included 1092 IRFs (N=1092). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: We estimated the effects of IRF ownership type, defined as for-profit and nonprofit, on 15 IRF-QRP measures using general linear models. Models were adjusted for the following facility-level characteristics: (1) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid census divisions; (2) number of discharges; (3) teaching status; (4) freestanding vs hospital unit; and (5) estimated average weight per discharge. Results: Ownership type was significantly associated with 9 out of the fifteen IRF-QRP measures. Nonprofit IRFs performed better with having lower readmissions rates within stay and 30-day post discharge. For-profit IRFs performed better for all the functional measures and with higher rates of returning to home and the community. Lastly, for-profit IRFs spent more per Medicare beneficiary. Conclusions: Ideally, IRF performance would not vary based on ownership type. However, we found that ownership type is associated with IRF-QRP performance scores. We suggest that future studies investigate how ownership type affects patient-level outcomes and the longitudinal effect of ownership type on IRF-QRP measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • Care compare
  • Health services research
  • Inpatient rehabilitation facilities
  • Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility-Quality Reporting Program
  • Quality measures
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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