Insect-Specific Viruses: A Historical Overview and Recent Developments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) have in recent years become a tremendous global health concern resulting in substantial human morbidity and mortality. With the widespread utilization of molecular technologies such as next-generation sequencing and the advancement of bioinformatics tools, a new age of viral discovery has commenced. Many of the novel agents being discovered in recent years have been isolated from mosquitoes and exhibit a highly restricted host range. Strikingly, these insect-specific viruses have been found to be members of viral families traditionally associated with human arboviral pathogens, including but not limited to the families Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, Reoviridae, and Bunyaviridae. These agents therefore present novel opportunities in the fields of viral evolution and viral/vector interaction and have tremendous potential as agents for biocontrol of vectors and or viruses of medical importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvances in Virus Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Aedes
  • Arbovirus
  • Culex
  • Evolution
  • Flavivirus
  • Insect-specific virus
  • Mosquito
  • Mosquito-specific virus
  • Vaccine
  • Vector competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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