Integral membrane protein interaction with triton cytoskeletons of erythrocytes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organization of erythrocyte membrane lipids and proteins has been studied following the release of cytoplasmic components with the non-ionic detergent Triton X-100. After detergent extraction, a detergent-resistant complex called the erythrocyte cytoskeleton is separated from detergent, solubilized lipid and protein by sucrose buoyant density sedimentation. In cytoskeletons prepared under isotonic conditions all of the major erythrocyte membrane proteins are retained except for the integral protein, glycophorin, which is quantitatively solubilized and another integral glycoprotein, band 3, which is only 60% removed. When cytoskeletons are prepared in hypertonic KCl solutions, band 3 is fully solubilized along with bands 2.1 and 4.2 and several minor components. The resulting cytoskeletons have the same morphology as those prepared in isotonic buffer but they are composed of only three major peripheral proteins, spectrin, actin and band 4.1. We have designated this peripheral protein complex the 'shell' of the erythrocyte membrane, and have shown that the attachment of band 3 to the shell satisfies the criteria for a specific interaction. Although Triton did affect erythrocyte shape, cytoskeleton lipid content and the activity of membrane proteases, there was no indication that Triton altered the attachment of band 3 to the shell. We suggest that band 3 attaches to the shell as part of a ternary complex of bands 2.1, 3 and 4.2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-134
Number of pages13
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume557
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Erythrocyte Membrane
Detergents
Membrane Proteins
Cytoskeleton
Proteins
Glycophorin
Membranes
Lipids
Spectrin
Octoxynol
Hypertonic Solutions
Membrane Lipids
Sedimentation
Sucrose
Actins
Glycoproteins
Buffers
Peptide Hydrolases

Keywords

  • (Erythrocyte)
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Membrane glycoprotein
  • Non-ionic detergent
  • Spectrin
  • Triton X-100

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Integral membrane protein interaction with triton cytoskeletons of erythrocytes. / Sheetz, Michael.

In: BBA - Biomembranes, Vol. 557, No. 1, 19.10.1979, p. 122-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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