We determined an empirical correlation that relates the amide I vibrational band frequencies of the glutamine (Q) side chain to the strength of hydrogen bonding, van der Waals, and Lewis acid-base interactions of its primary amide carbonyl. We used this correlation to determine the Q side chain carbonyl interaction enthalpy (ΔHint) in monomeric and amyloid-like fibril conformations of D2Q10K2 (Q10). We independently verified these ΔHint values through molecular dynamics simulations that showed excellent agreement with experiments. We found that side chain-side chain and side chain-peptide backbone interactions in fibrils and monomers are more enthalpically favorable than are Q side chain-water interactions. Q10 fibrils also showed a more favorable ΔHint for side chain-side chain interactions compared to backbone-backbone interactions. This work experimentally demonstrates that interamide side chain interactions are important in the formation and stabilization of polyQ fibrils.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry