Interactive and dominant effects of residues 128 and 141 on cyclic nucleotide and DNA bindings in Escherichia coli cAMP receptor protein

Xiaodong Cheng, J. Ching Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The molecular events in the cAMP-induced allosteric activation of cAMP receptor protein (CRP) involve interfacial communications between subunits and domains. However, the roles of intersubunit and interdomain interactions in defining the selectivity of cAMP against other cyclic nucleotides and cooperativity in ligand binding are still not known. Natural occurring CRP mutants with different phenotypes were employed to address these issues. Thermodynamic analyses of subunit association, protein stability, and cAMP and DNA binding as well as conformational studies of the mutants and wild- type CRPs lead to an identification of the apparently dominant roles of residues 128 and 141 in the cAMP-modulated DNA binding activity of CRP. Serine 128 and the C-helix were implicated as playing a critical role in modulating negative cooperativity of cyclic nucleotide binding. A correlation was established between a weak affinity for subunit assembly and the relaxation of cyclic nucleotide selectivity in the G141Q and S128A/ G141Q mutants. These results imply that intersubunit interaction is important for cyclic nucleotide discrimination in CRP. The double mutant S128A/G141Q, constructed from two single mutations of S128A and G141Q, which exhibit opposite phenotypic characteristics of CRP- and CRP+, respectively, assumes a CRP+ phenotype and has biochemical properties similar to those of the G141Q mutant. These observations suggest that mutation G141Q exerts a dominant effect over mutation S128A and that the subunit realignment induced by the G141Q mutation can override the local structural disruption created by mutation S128A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-712
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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