Treatment with an essentially pure mouse α or β interferon boosts the binding and phagocytosis of opsonized sheep red blood cells by cells of the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW 309Cr.l. The kinetics and the dose dependence of the effects of the two interferons are very similar. The effects depend on continued RNA and protein synthesis, and they diminish after the removal of interferon from the medium. Studies with agents specifically binding FcRI receptors (i.e., IgG2a) and FcRII receptors (i.e., the Fab fragment of the antireceptor monoclonal antibody 2.4G2) revealed a three- to fivefold increase in the level of FcRI receptors per cell and an about twofold increase in that of FcRII receptors per cell after treatment with interferon. The enhanced binding and phagocytosis of opsonized sheep red blood cells by interferon treatment are apparently a consequence of the increased number of Fc receptors. As revealed by studies involving the binding to the cells of labeled monoclonal antibodies to several cell surface antigens, the level of the H-2Dd surface antigen is also selectively increased three- to fourfold in the cells after exposure to interferon.
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