Acute lung injury is a complex clinical syndrome involving acute inflammation, microvascular damage, and increased pulmonary vascular and epithelial permeability, frequently resulting in acute respiratory failure culminating in often-fatal acute respiratory distress syndrome. Interleukin 8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil attractant and activator, plays a significant role in acute lung injury via the formation of anti-IL-8 autoantibody:IL-8 complexes and those complexes' interaction with FccRIIa receptors, leading to the development of acute lung injury by, among other possible mechanisms, effecting neutrophil apoptosis. These complexes may also interact with lung endothelial cells in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Continuing research of the role of neutrophils, IL-8, anti- IL-8 autoantibody:IL-8 complexes, and FccRIIa receptors may ultimately provide molecular therapies that could lower acute respiratory distress syndrome mortality, as well as reduce or even prevent the development of acute lung injury altogether.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology