International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: Meal frequency

Paul M. La Bounty, Bill I. Campbell, Jacob Wilson, Elfego Galvan, John Berardi, Susan M. Kleiner, Richard B. Kreider, Jeffrey R. Stout, Tim Ziegenfuss, Marie Spano, Abbie Smith, Jose Antonio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Position Statement: Admittedly, research to date examining the physiological effects of meal frequency in humans is somewhat limited. More specifically, data that has specifically examined the impact of meal frequency on body composition, training adaptations, and performance in physically active individuals and athletes is scant. Until more research is available in the physically active and athletic populations, definitive conclusions cannot be made. However, within the confines of the current scientific literature, we assert that Increasing meal frequency does not appear to favorably change body composition in sedentary populations. If protein levels are adequate, increasing meal frequency during periods of hypoenergetic dieting may preserve lean body mass in athletic populations. Increased meal frequency appears to have a positive effect on various blood markers of health, particularly LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and insulin. Increased meal frequency does not appear to significantly enhance diet induced thermogenesis, total energy expenditure or resting metabolic rate. Increasing meal frequency appears to help decrease hunger and improve appetite control. The following literature review has been prepared by the authors in support of the aforementioned position statement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
StatePublished - Mar 16 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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