Interprofessional Perceptions of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, Cultural Competence, and Humility Among Students and Faculty A Mixed-Methods Study

Adrianna Ellis, Monique R. Pappadis, Chih Ying Li, Jose D. Rojas, Jqar Shayne Washington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: An urgent educational need is to examine the current gaps in cultural competence/humility, diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility (DEIA) that may significantly affect the teaching and learning environments among students/faculty. This mixed-methods study examined the current level of cultural competemility and perceptions of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI)-related challenges and recommendations among students/faculty of health professions.

METHODS: Students and faculty completed a survey including the Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competemility Among Healthcare Professionals (IAPCC-HCP©) and open-ended questions on their DEI perceptions and needs. Data were analyzed via descriptive statistics and independent t-tests. Qualitative data were coded using thematic content analysis.

OUTCOMES: A total of 100 participants (64 students, 38 faculty) completed the survey. The majority identified as Caucasian or non-Hispanic White and female, and were satisfied with DEIA-related school-level initiatives and familiar with how to use pronouns to reflect all genders. Compared to students, faculty scored slightly higher, although not significantly, in five of six domains, including Cultural Humility, Cultural Awareness, Culture Skill, Cultural Encounters and Cultural Desire. Participants shared their need to address: 1) DEIA gaps in knowledge and Schools of Health Professions curriculum; 2) involvement of students; 3) racism, biases, and discrimination; and 4) recognition of underrepresented groups. Training needs were in the areas of 1) DEIA assessment and training for students and faculty; 2) DEIA school activities; 3) DEIA-informed policies; and 4) modifications to clinical education.

CONCLUSION: The faculty more than students expressed the need to enhance their DEI and cultural knowledge. Our findings can guide further development of educational activities and school-level DEI initiatives in schools of health professions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of allied health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Interprofessional Perceptions of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, Cultural Competence, and Humility Among Students and Faculty A Mixed-Methods Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this