Intestinal ischemic preconditioning after ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat intestine: Profiling global gene expression patterns

Stacey D. Moore-Olufemi, Shodimu Emmanuel Olufemi, Steve Lott, Norio Sato, Rosemary A. Kozar, Frederick A. Moore, Ravi S. Radhakrishnan, Shinil Shah, Fernando Jimenez, Bruce C. Kone, Charles S. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective: Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury involves activation of inflammatory mediators, mucosal necrosis, ileus, and alteration in a variety of gene products. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) reduced all the effects of intestinal injury seen in IR. In an effort to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the protective effects afforded by IPC, we sought to characterize the global gene expression pattern in rats subjected to IPC in the setting of IR injury. Methods: Rats were randomized into five groups: (1) Sham, (2) IPC only (3) IR, (4) Early IPC + IR (IPC → IR), and (5) Late IPC + IR (IPC → 24 h → IR). At 6 h after reperfusion, ileum was harvested for total RNA isolation, pooled, and analyzed on complementary DNA (cDNA) microarrays with validation using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Significance Analysis of Microarray (SAM) software was used to determine statistically significant changes in gene expression. Results: Early IPC + IR had 5,167 induced and 4 repressed genes compared with the other groups. SAM analysis revealed 474 out of 10,000 genes differentially expressed among the groups. Early and Late IPC + IR had more genes involved in redox hemostasis, the immune/inflammatory response, and apoptosis than either the IPC only or IR alone groups. Conclusion: The transcriptional profile suggests that IPC exerts its protective effects by regulating the gene response to injury in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1866-1877
Number of pages12
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Gene expression
  • Intestine
  • Ischemia/reperfusion
  • Preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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