Intestinal mesenchymal cells

Iryna Pinchuk, R. C. Mifflin, J. I. Saada, D. W. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The non-white blood cell mesenchymal elements of the intestinal lamina propria are the myofibroblasts, fibroblasts, pericytes, stromal stem cells, muscularis mucosae, and the smooth muscle of the villus core associated with the lymphatic lacteal. We review the functional anatomy of these mesenchymal cells, what is known about their origin in the embryo and their replacement in adults, their putative role in intestinal mucosal morphogenesis, and the intestinal stem cell niche, and we consider new information about myofibroblasts as nonprofessional immune cells. Although our knowledge of the function of mesenchymal cells in intestinal disease is rudimentary, we briefly consider here their roles in cancer and intestinal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-318
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Myofibroblasts
Mucous Membrane
Stem Cell Niche
Intestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Pericytes
Stromal Cells
Morphogenesis
Smooth Muscle
Blood Cells
Anatomy
Milk
Stem Cells
Embryonic Structures
Fibroblasts
Inflammation

Keywords

  • Adaptive immunity
  • Alpha smooth muscle actin
  • Antigen presentation
  • Cancer microenvironment
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Fibrocyte
  • Inflammation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Innate immunity
  • Intestinal immunity
  • Intestinal inflammation
  • Intestinal morphogenesis
  • Lymphatic lacteal
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Mucosal immunology
  • Mucosal tolerance
  • Muscularis mucosae
  • Myofibroblast
  • Pericyte
  • Programmed cell death ligands
  • Regulatory T cell
  • Stem cell niche
  • Stromal cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Pinchuk, I., Mifflin, R. C., Saada, J. I., & Powell, D. W. (2010). Intestinal mesenchymal cells. Current Gastroenterology Reports, 12(5), 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-010-0135-y

Intestinal mesenchymal cells. / Pinchuk, Iryna; Mifflin, R. C.; Saada, J. I.; Powell, D. W.

In: Current Gastroenterology Reports, Vol. 12, No. 5, 10.2010, p. 310-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pinchuk, I, Mifflin, RC, Saada, JI & Powell, DW 2010, 'Intestinal mesenchymal cells', Current Gastroenterology Reports, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-010-0135-y
Pinchuk I, Mifflin RC, Saada JI, Powell DW. Intestinal mesenchymal cells. Current Gastroenterology Reports. 2010 Oct;12(5):310-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-010-0135-y
Pinchuk, Iryna ; Mifflin, R. C. ; Saada, J. I. ; Powell, D. W. / Intestinal mesenchymal cells. In: Current Gastroenterology Reports. 2010 ; Vol. 12, No. 5. pp. 310-318.
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