Intracapsular vs. extracapsular tonsillectomy: A comparison of pain

Michael S. Cohen, Anne E. Getz, Glenn Isaacson, John Gaughan, Wasyl Szeremeta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To measure differences in postoperative pain in children undergoing intracapsular tonsillectomy vs. extracapsular tonsillectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial carried out at a tertiary children's hospital over 1 year. METHODS: The study included 43 patients age 5 to 19 years with adenotonsillar hypertrophy, 27 undergoing extracapsular tonsillectomy and 16 undergoing intracapsular tonsillectomy. Tonsillectomy was performed in either an intracapsular or extracapsular fashion using bipolar electrosurgical scissors and monopolar suction cautery for hemostasis. Residents under faculty supervision performed all operations. Postoperative pain was assessed using the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale through postoperative day 10. The patients recorded in a standardized diary pain scores and analgesic use. The main outcome measure was postoperative pain as measured by the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale. The quantity of postoperative pain medicine consumed was a secondary outcome measure. RESULTS: Average postoperative pain for extracapsular tonsillectomy was 5.21 on a 10-point scale versus 2.75 for intracapsular tonsillectomy (P <.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Intracapsular tonsillectomy with bipolar scissors results in less postoperative pain than extracapsular tonsillectomy with bipolar scissors in children age 5 to 19 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1855-1858
Number of pages4
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume117
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Bipolar electrosurgical scissors
  • Intracapsular tonsillectomy
  • Outcomes research
  • Pain
  • Tonsillectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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