The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of transanal (intracolonic) infusion of bile acid on release of peptide YY (PYY) and cholecystokinin (CCK)-stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion in seven conscious dogs. CCK-8 (50 ng/kg/h) was given intravenously for 120 min and either tau-rocholic acid (TA, 1 or 2 mmol/h) or saline was infused transanally (150 ml/h) during the 0-60-min period of CCK infusion. Transanal infusion of TA (1 or 2 mmol/h) significantly inhibited output of CCK-8-stimulated pancreatic protein, compared to transanal infusion of saline during the first 60 min. On the average, the magnitude of inhibition was~45%. Plasma concentrations of PYY increased significantly in response to intracolonic infusion of TA or saline. Transanal infusion of TA (1 or 2 mmol/h) significantly increased plasma levels of PYY when compared with transanal infusion of saline during the first 60 min. The magnitude of the increase of plasma PYY levels was~50 pg/ml (p < 0.05). Plasma levels of pancreatic polypeptide were not altered significantly by transanal infusion of TA. Our results suggest that release of endogenous PYY by TA in the colon plays a role in the inhibition of CCK-stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion. Bile salts in the hindgut may participate in the physiologic regulation of pancreatic exocrine secretion by stimulation of release of ileal-colonic PYY.
- Pancreatic enzymes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism