Background: Intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs) are rare neoplasms of mesenchymal origin that originate from the meninges. ISFTs of the skull base can be challenging to treat, as resection can be complicated by skull base anatomy. We present 2 cases of ISFT, the first manifesting with compressive cranial neuropathy from Meckel cave involvement and the second a posterior fossa lesion causing symptomatic hydrocephalus. Methods: A systematic review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The PubMed database was queried with title/abstract keywords “intracranial,” “solitary fibrous tumor,” “hemangiopericytoma,” “SFT,” and “HPC.” Search results were reviewed to exclude cases not involving the skull base. References from all selected articles were reviewed for potential additional cases. Patient demographic and clinical data from 58 identified skull base cases were collected for qualitative synthesis. Results: Visual disturbances were the most common presenting symptom (30 cases, 52%) followed by headache (22 cases, 38%). The most common site of involvement was the sellar/parasellar region (18 cases, 31%) followed by middle fossa/temporal bone (14 cases, 24%). Resection was performed in 55 cases; gross total resection was reported in 26 cases (45%) and subtotal resection was reported in 21 cases (36%). Tumor recurrence was documented in 15 cases (26%) with median and mean follow-up periods of 16 and 29.9 months, respectively. Conclusions: We discuss presentation, imaging, histopathology, and management considerations for ISFTs while highlighting the potentially complex nature of skull base lesions and need for multidisciplinary approach to treatment.
- Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor
- Skull base
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology