Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM) usually presents as a painless, slow-growing inguinal mass. Our review of 42 cases from 13 publications indicates that two thirds of IPMs occur between the ages of 45 and 55 years, the male-female ratio is 2:1, and there is a lack of ethnic predilection. Grossly, the IPM cut surface shows areas of hemorrhage. Five microscopic features are seen: (a) compressed remnants of lymphoid tissue at the periphery; (b) spindle cells with nuclear palisading; (c) intraparenchymal hemorrhage and erythrocyte extravasation; (d) so-called amianthoid fibers; and (e) intracellular and extracellular fuchsinophilic bodies that stain positive for smooth muscle actin. Immunohistochemically, IPM is positive for smooth muscle actin and cyclin D1 and negative for S100, glial fibrillary acidic protein, CD34, and desmin, and it shows a low proliferative index of Ki-67. Electron microscopy demonstrates features of myofibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Excellent prognosis is seen after surgical treatment, with an approximately 6% recurrence rate and no malignant transformation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology