Intraoperative hypothermia and post-cesarean wound infection

Mary Munn, Dwight J. Rouse, John Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether intraoperative hypothermia during cesarean delivery is a risk factor for wound infection. Methods: Eighteen cases with wound infection and 18 controls matched for age, weight, presence of gestational hypertension, and surgery length were selected from a cohort of 900 women who underwent cesarean delivery and who were assessed for wound infection according to strict criteria. Because immediate postoperative temperatures reflect intraoperative temperature nadir accurately and were available universally, we compared the mean immediate postoperative temperatures between cases and controls. Results: In addition to the intentionally matched factors, the groups were well-matched for race, parity, presence of labor, presence of meconium, and duration of membrane rupture. The mean initial postoperative temperatures were similar between the two groups (36.3 ± 0.9C versus 36.6 ± 1.0C, respectively; P = .8). This study had a power of 90% to detect an intergroup difference of 1C. Conclusion: In this case-control study of cesarean delivery, intraoperative hypothermia was not a risk factor for wound infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-584
Number of pages3
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Wound Infection
Hypothermia
Temperature
Meconium
Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
Infection Control
Parity
Case-Control Studies
Rupture
Research Design
Weights and Measures
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Intraoperative hypothermia and post-cesarean wound infection. / Munn, Mary; Rouse, Dwight J.; Owen, John.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 91, No. 4, 04.1998, p. 582-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Munn, Mary ; Rouse, Dwight J. ; Owen, John. / Intraoperative hypothermia and post-cesarean wound infection. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1998 ; Vol. 91, No. 4. pp. 582-584.
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