Intraoperative hypothermia and post-cesarean wound infection

Mary B. Munn, Dwight J. Rouse, John Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether intraoperative hypothermia during cesarean delivery is a risk factor for wound infection. Methods: Eighteen cases with wound infection and 18 controls matched for age, weight, presence of gestational hypertension, and surgery length were selected from a cohort of 900 women who underwent cesarean delivery and who were assessed for wound infection according to strict criteria. Because immediate postoperative temperatures reflect intraoperative temperature nadir accurately and were available universally, we compared the mean immediate postoperative temperatures between cases and controls. Results: In addition to the intentionally matched factors, the groups were well-matched for race, parity, presence of labor, presence of meconium, and duration of membrane rupture. The mean initial postoperative temperatures were similar between the two groups (36.3 ± 0.9C versus 36.6 ± 1.0C, respectively; P = .8). This study had a power of 90% to detect an intergroup difference of 1C. Conclusion: In this case-control study of cesarean delivery, intraoperative hypothermia was not a risk factor for wound infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-584
Number of pages3
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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